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Interior Design: Enhancing Spaces with Creativity and Style

The art déco interior of the grand concourse at the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia The lobby of Hotel Bristol, Warsaw A historical example: Balliol College Dining Hall, Oxford Have you ever entered a space...

Art Deco Interior The art déco interior of the grand concourse at the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia

Hotel Lobby The lobby of Hotel Bristol, Warsaw

Balliol College Dining Hall A historical example: Balliol College Dining Hall, Oxford

Have you ever entered a space that immediately caught your eye and made you feel at ease? That's the power of interior design. It's the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to create a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for its occupants.

Interior design goes far beyond just selecting colors and arranging furniture. It involves careful planning, research, coordination, and management of various elements to bring a space to life. From conceptual development to space planning, site inspections to construction management, interior designers handle it all.

History and Modern Trends

Folk Architecture Reservation Typical interior of one of the houses in the Folk Architecture Reservation in Vlkolínec (Slovakia)

Throughout history, interiors were instinctively put together during the construction process. However, as society evolved and architecture became more complex, the profession of interior design emerged. The pursuit of efficient use of space, user well-being, and functional design contributed to its development.

In ancient times, architects in India were also interior designers, as seen in the design of Indian homes and palaces. Similarly, ancient Egypt showcased elaborate interior designs in the form of "soul houses" placed in tombs.

Roman Triclinium Reconstructed Roman triclinium or dining room, with three klinai or couches

The Greeks and Romans introduced decorative mosaic floors and templated interiors, while the Middle Ages featured wall art paintings in palace-like mansions. Interior decoration became a household concern in the 17th and 18th centuries, with architects and craftsmen shaping the design.

Commercial Interior Design and Management

Illustrated Catalog Illustrated catalog of the James Shoolbred Company, published in 1876

As the middle class grew and sought domestic trappings of wealth, interior design services expanded in the 19th century. Large furniture firms branched out into general interior design and management, offering full house furnishings.

Upholstery Business Upholsterers expanding their business remits and advertising their furnishings to the public

In the 1950s and 1960s, upholsterers expanded their businesses and framed them in more artistic terms. They began catering to contract interior work for offices, hotels, public buildings, and more. This shift led to the emergence of professional interior design.

Transition to Professional Interior Design

Interior Designed by John Dibblee Crace This interior was designed by John Dibblee Crace, President of the Institute of British Decorators, established in 1899.

By the early 20th century, interior design began to receive formal education and training. Institutions such as colleges and universities offered courses specifically tailored to interior design. Professional organizations like the Institute of British Decorators and the American Designers Institute further enhanced the status of the profession.

Elsie de Wolfe Elsie de Wolfe, one of the first interior designers who rejected the Victorian style and introduced a more vibrant scheme

Interior design also saw the rise of iconic figures, such as Elsie De Wolfe and Syrie Maugham, who revolutionized the field with their bold and innovative designs. Their contributions, along with the works of many other talented designers, shaped the profession.

Specialties and Styles

Interior design encompasses various specialties, including residential, commercial, retail, hospitality, healthcare, and more. Each area requires specific knowledge and expertise to create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces.

The choice of interior design styles is vast, ranging from the sleek and geometric Art Deco to the timeless and contemporary Modern Art. Arab materials also play a significant role in Middle Eastern interior design, featuring intricate geometric patterns and vibrant colors.

The Media and Interior Design

Interior design has become a popular subject in various forms of media, including television shows, radio programs, magazines, and online platforms. These platforms showcase the work of renowned designers, offer advice on color palettes and furniture choices, and inspire individuals to transform their spaces.


Interior design is a captivating profession that brings together creativity, functionality, and aesthetics. It has a rich history rooted in culture and architecture and continues to evolve with modern trends. Whether it's transforming a residential space or designing a commercial establishment, interior designers have the skills and knowledge to create remarkable environments that leave a lasting impression.