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A Guide to the Jewish Wedding Ceremony: Unveiling the Beauty and Meaning

Picture: A Guide To The Jewish Wedding Ceremony and Order of Service Under The Chuppah The Jewish wedding ceremony is a cherished rite of passage that spans over several days. It is a time for...

A Guide To The Jewish Wedding Ceremony and Order of Service Under The Chuppah Picture: A Guide To The Jewish Wedding Ceremony and Order of Service Under The Chuppah

The Jewish wedding ceremony is a cherished rite of passage that spans over several days. It is a time for families and friends to come together, celebrating the profound love shared between the bride and groom, and bearing witness to their unbreakable commitment. In this article, we will delve into the key elements of Jewish wedding ceremonies, offering you a glimpse into the beauty and significance of these remarkable events.

A Quick Overview of a Jewish Wedding

Before delving into the intricate details of the ceremony, let's take a high-level look at the main events that typically unfold during a Jewish wedding. While variations exist among different sects, the following outline provides a general overview:

  • The wedding commences with the signing of the Ketubah, the traditional Jewish marriage contract.
  • The groom expresses heartfelt words of promise and commitment.
  • Witnesses are present to authenticate both the signing of the Ketubah and the groom's declaration.
  • The exchange of rings symbolizes the bond between the couple.
  • Seven blessings are recited, expressing gratitude to God for the union.
  • Finally, the joyous couple officially ties the knot, taking a moment to reflect on their special day and the future that awaits them.

Alongside these central customs, additional rituals such as the white gown, veil, and the moveable chuppah (wedding canopy) have evolved over time, adding depth and significance to the traditions that have shaped Jewish weddings.

Order of Service of a Jewish Wedding

While the previous overview may make the ceremony seem straightforward, there are several crucial steps and rituals that must be followed to ensure a successful and meaningful event. Let's explore the order of service in more detail.

Signing of the Ketubah

The Ketubah, a traditional Jewish marriage contract, serves as a document outlining the obligations and rights of both husband and wife. It is signed during the wedding ceremony, with the bride and groom personally affixing their signatures. The signing takes place in the presence of two witnesses, as well as a scribe to officiate the occasion. Various versions of the Ketubah exist, but all contain standard features such as the names of the couple, a paragraph outlining consequences for breaking vows, and a list of obligations and rights. These beautifully designed documents often serve as a cherished memory, displayed within the marital home.


The Badeken typically follows the signing of the Ketubah. During this brief yet profound tradition, the groom veils the bride's face. This act traces back to the biblical story of Jacob, who was deceived into marrying Leah instead of his true love, Rachel, due to a veil concealing the bride's identity. Hence, the groom uncovers the bride's face, symbolizing their connection, before covering it with a veil. This emotional moment holds significance, especially if the couple has been separated for an extended period beforehand.


The Chuppah, a canopy that covers the bride and groom during the ceremony, is the centerpiece of the Jewish wedding. It represents the future home the couple will create together. Traditionally, the chuppah consists of a cloth or sheet draped over four poles, often held by two individuals. The bride and groom, surrounded by their loved ones, stand beneath the chuppah. As per tradition, the bride circles the groom seven times, symbolizing the creation of a loving barrier around their relationship. The number seven holds deep meaning in Judaism, representing wholeness and completeness that the couple can only achieve together.

Kiddushin: Betrothal Blessings

Kiddushin is the ceremony conducted under the chuppah. Two cups of wine are used in this part of the wedding ceremony. The first cup is served alongside the rabbi's betrothal blessings, which both the bride and groom partake in. These blessings signify the couple's commitment to building a Jewish home that serves both God and humankind.

Swapping of the Rings

The wedding ring symbolizes the eternal bond and love between husband and wife. Wearing the ring signifies official marriage in Jewish tradition. Centuries ago, it was customary to present the bride with one gold coin as part of her dowry, which she would wear on her left-hand ring finger to indicate her married status. The ring itself is typically simple, without any embellishments or decorations. This modesty symbolizes that love is the central focus, surpassing any superficial adornments.

Reading of the Ketubah

The Ketubah, read aloud in its original Aramaic language, represents the official marriage contract. The bride receives the Ketubah for her signature and keeps it throughout the marriage. Under Jewish law, the Ketubah legally belongs to the bride. The timing of the Ketubah signing may vary depending on the officiating rabbi, with some opting to sign it before or during the chuppah ceremony. If signed before the chuppah, the Ketubah may be displayed for all to see during the ceremony.

Sheva Brachot: The Seven Blessings

The Sheva Brachot, or Seven Blessings, hold a special place in the Jewish wedding ceremony. Rabbis, chazans, or others chosen by the couple recite these ancient blessings over a second cup of wine. These blessings celebrate God as the creator and express thanks for the creation of humanity in His image. While steeped in reverence, the Sheva Brachot can also be a lively affair. In some cases, they are offered to the bride and groom as they move from table to table, accompanied by music and wine, creating an enjoyable experience for all.

Breaking the Glass

Arguably the most iconic moment of a Jewish wedding ceremony, breaking the glass is a time for joyous celebration. The groom smashes a glass with his foot, marking the beginning of cheers, dances, and the exclamation of "Mazel Tov!" The true origin and meaning of this tradition may vary depending on who you ask. Some explanations include representing the fragility of human relationships, warding off evil spirits, or symbolizing the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem. Ultimately, breaking the glass embodies the couple's union and their shared commitment to a blissful married life.


Yichud, meaning "together" in Hebrew, is the final segment of many Jewish wedding ceremonies. It refers to a period of seclusion during which the bride and groom are alone, often exchanging private vows. Yichud signifies the couple's official union as husband and wife. Symbolically, it represents the intimacy and closeness shared by two individuals in marriage. Depending on the beliefs and practices of the couple, it may also mark the consummation of their union.

A traditional Jewish wedding ceremony is a sublime and meaningful affair. It symbolizes the merging of two souls, the blending of two families, and the union of two hearts. The promise of a joyous and fulfilling future lies embedded within its rituals.

FAQ - Jewish Wedding Ceremony

Q: What occurs at a Jewish wedding?

A: A Jewish wedding ceremony encompasses various elements, including the signing of the ketubah (marriage contract), blessings exchanged under the chuppah, and the placement of the wedding ring on the bride's finger.

Q: What do people say at Jewish weddings?

A: One of the most well-known expressions at a Jewish wedding is "Mazel tov!" which signifies congratulations and good fortune.

Q: Do Jews exchange vows during their wedding?

A: In a traditional Jewish wedding ceremony, explicit verbal vows are not typically exchanged. Instead, the covenant between the bride and groom is understood implicitly within the ritual.

In conclusion, the Jewish wedding ceremony is a profound and sacred occasion, filled with rituals that reflect the deep-rooted traditions and values of the Jewish faith. It represents the joining of two souls, the creation of a loving home, and the promise of a brighter future together.